Science and math are highly correlated topics. The implication of one automatically involves certain parts of the other being implied. In other words, if science is Bonnie, math is its Clyde. Math uses numbers and logic to support theories, whereas science is based on empirical observations and uses experiments and observations to understand the world.

Math formulas are the means by which you can demonstrate the ideas you are taught, whether you are studying physics, chemistry, or biology.^{5} You play with numbers to get an answer, whether working with the velocity formula or the molecular mass calculation. This is how the correlation between the two subjects is established. Math and science interact in many ways, like engineering, the study of Newton’s law of motion, rocket science, etc. Since they are so intertwined, there are times when you can’t even tell the difference between the two. For instance, it is impossible to calculate an atom’s molecular mass without using numbers and fundamental math concepts like addition, subtraction, and multiplication. They are practically inseparable. Also, when Newton created calculus, his primary goal was to describe or demonstrate his theory of motion.^{6,7,8}

Let us jump on to some real-world applications of math for science!

**Math for Science **

**Astronomy**

Studying the planets and strata beyond the earth’s surface is called astronomy. It is an essential branch of Science, as all your information about the solar system, galaxies, satellites, etc., is possible due to astronomy. The telescopic studies, the movement of planets, the emission of light from the stars, and their position are calculated using math. Several spheres and branches of math apply to astronomy in every sense, like geometry to know the moon’s phases and major constellations. It is math that led to the development of astronomy in the first place. From ancient times, Greek scholars and Egyptologists closely studied the planets and constructed a basic understanding of space with the help of math, making math an integral part of the Science of space.²

**Navigation**

Navigational satellites use algebraic equations, differentiation equations, trigonometry, and other math principles. All the GPS coordinates and destinations you see while using popular navigation apps are presented on your mobile screen through these satellites. The math equations and relative measurement of space and time assist in the functioning of navigation satellites. It makes traveling easier and more efficient by rerouting traffic-free paths for you. All thanks to technology and math!³

**Computer Science**

Computer science is one of the most evolved fields of science. The application of math algorithms, theorems, and equations is commonly used in computer science. The technological advancement you come across in the dimensions of building and running websites is only possible because of the application of math in website building. Most of the commands and communication with computers are done with the help of math languages. Thus, math has become a universal language of communication with computers. The high-end field of coding, which has become increasingly demanding, has been developed with the implication of math. Math has helped the world of computer science to establish and evolve itself. This makes math a subject of utmost practicality and advancement.¹

**Temperature**

The ever-changing temperature and atmosphere of the earth are measured and converted only with the help of math. The Fahrenheit and Celsius scales of measuring temperature and their conversions are based on the basic principles of addition, division, and subtraction. This makes the calculation of the rise or fall in temperature easily comprehensive. The hotness or coldness of an object can be easily figured out with the help of a thermometer and then measured using the fundamentals of math, thus making math a vital component of regular use.⁴

The application of math to science is immense, such as in measuring matter, determining object density, ascertaining scientific theories, etc. Everything we practice in science is highly related to math, even our daily activities. Traveling, sleeping, artificial intelligence, psychology, etc., are some of the spheres of the scientific world where math is applied unknowingly. Math provides multiple solutions to your everyday problems, making your life easier, more productive, and more comfortable. Many standard devices, such as mobile phones, grinders, refrigerators, air conditioners, hair dryers, etc., are all based on one or another math formula. This makes the subject dynamic and enormously reliable for many scientific endeavors!

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References:

Analytica, S. (2022, September 27). What are the Applications of Math in Everyday Life – StatAnalytica. StatAnalytica. Retrieved November 8, 2022, from https://statanalytica.com/blog/applications-of-math/

Astronomy and Mathematics | Encyclopedia.com. (n.d.). Astronomy and Mathematics | Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved November 6, 2022, from https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/astronomy-and-mathematics

Mathematics. (n.d.). Mathematics – Relationships, Science, Arithmetic, and Physical – JRank Articles. Retrieved November 8, 2022, from https://science.jrank.org/pages/4181/Mathematics.html

The Mathematics of Chemistry. (2017, July 8). Chemistry LibreTexts. Retrieved November 6, 2022, from https://chem.libretexts.org/Courses/Furman_University/CHM101%3A_Chemistry_and_Global_Awareness_(Gordon)/02%3A_The_Mathematics_of_Chemistry

Maths for Science. (n.d.). Retrieved December 7, 2022, from https://projects.exeter.ac.uk/csm-survey/files/OU_Mathsforscience.pdf

Isaac Newton: Physics and Calculus.(2015) Retrieved December 7, 2022, from https://westerncivguides.umwblogs.org/2015/12/01/isaac-newton-physics-and-calculus/

Isaac Newton. (n.d.). Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved December 7, 2022, from https://www.britannica.com/biography/Isaac-Newton

Newton, mechanics and calculus, a lecture by Ricardo Nirenberg. (1997) at University at Albany – State University of New York. Retrieved December 7, 2022, from https://www.albany.edu/~rn774/spring97/newton.html